Aristotelian and non-Aristotelian economies

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron
(Revised : June 2013)

In French: Economie A / économie non-A

Aristotelian economy

Non-Aristotelian economy

Assumptions:– Belief in the value of money as something real, and economic rules feature an existence in itself, independent of its users, Assumptions:– A concept of money as « a symbol of exchange between humans, whose value is based on an agreement between its users and the economic rules that depend on contracts between its users » (Alfred Korzybski: « Science and Sanity « : On symbolism (Chapter 6)
– The assumption that it is not possible to get rich without taking money from someone else, – The assumption that it is possible to make money without taking it to someone else,
– A structure of relationships based on exclusion, – A structure of relationship based on the inclusion of all elements in the same set, (« A structure is the set of relationships between the elements of a same whole. » Henri Laborit, « La Nouvelle Grille »)
– Relationships of competition, of conflict between insiders and outsiders, rich and poor, etc.

– This stucture of relationships leads to a mutual destruction of the respective forces and energies 1 + 1 < 2

– Relationships of non-dominance, complementary, interdisciplinarity and informational opening, similar to the structure of living organisms (Henri Laborit), leading to a higher result than the sum of the parts (1 + 1 = 3): mathematical principle of non-additivity : (Alfred Korzybski: » Science and Sanity« : On order” (Chapter 12) This principle has been applied by William Burroughs and Brion Gysin in literature (« The Third Mind »).
– A strategy based on intelligence of balance of power to get money. The advantage is to the strongest. – A strategy based on the strength of relationships of intelligence, which invalidates the logic of strength relations. The advantage is to the most intelligent.
This system is based on parasitism, the looting of resources, and the principle that consists in sawing off the branch on which you sit: once the resources have run out, there is nothing left to plunder, the system collapses. – This system is based upon a use of the resources adapted to the actual needs.Enrichment of ALL partners.
The people serve the company:– Absolute value of profit to the detriment of people. A company serving people:– function of the company: allow all elements of the set to make a living.
– Hierarchies of dominance ; a symbolic hierarchic power, without relation to the actual capacities of the people in charge. The people at the bottom, on which the whole pyramid rests, have no hierarchic power. – Hierarchy of knowledge and skill. The people at the bottom, on which the whole pyramid rests, have the real power :  » Power first depends on the necessity of the function, for the human set taken in account. Any individual or group of individual who is not indispensable for the structure of a set have no reason to be in « power », as this set can fulfill its function without them. » (Henri Laborit, « La Nouvelle Grille », p. 182).
– Absolute value of profit to the detriment of people. – Value of the individual proportional to his status, reduced to the money one can bring, to a resource. – Absolute value of the human person, – Relative value of money, depending on the services it can provide as « a symbol for human agreement » (Korzybski)
– Power: domination, manipulation, negative success. . – Power of performance: positive success.
– Problematic of guilt: Action based upon criteria « good / bad », concept of fault.

– Opposition between individual and collective interests.

– Responsibility: Action ddétermined according to the consequences of the acts, their outcomes. – The company as part of a whole: national and international economy, => base of relations in the interest of all.

– No opposition between individual interest and collective interest.

Staff management based on inferiority and manipulation of human beings (bullying) and on reducing the value of people to their diplomas and their status.

The purpose of this management is to exclude from the area of work as many people as possible to reduce salaries and their retirement pensions as much as possible, and limit the flow of money to a minimum of people,

Staff management based on mutual respect, appreciation, and consideration of the actual capabilities of each, and the absolute value of the human person.

The purpose of this management is to include as many citizens as possible in the workplace, according to his actual abilities.

Structure of hierarchical relationship of dominance. Structure of relations structurally similar to the human organism: complementarity, interdisciplinarity, informational opening.
Aristotelian mental structure: obsolete, corresponding to a vision of man and the world dating from 2400 years: mechanisms of thought structured by the principles of identity, contradiction and third excluded (see  A non-Aristotelian logic : general semantics in the framework of evolution of the West  & THE DIFFERENT STEPS OF EVOLUTION OF THE WEST Aristotle, Descartes, Korzybski ).Structure of static relations, based on the balance of power, obsolete compared to the structure of relations of our political model and in contradiction with the rule of law.

Non-A mental structure :

fitting in with our level of semantic evolution (a map is not the territory it represents, a map does not represent the whole territory, a map is self-reflexive), politics (Declaration of Human Rights and Citizen, 1789) and the rule of law.

Hierarchies of power: decision at the top, executors at the bottom. The capacities of individuals are limited to the ones of their function. Hierarchies of skill and knowledge: anyone can use his real capabilities at different levels, => people can work in what they can do well and enjoy doing. The individual skills are added to the skills of the set, the result, is higher than the sum of its parts, and becomes part of the wealth of the company.
Intensional attitude: economy based on theories, doctrines, developed in the interests of stakeholder, groups of economic actors (capitalism, market economy, liberalism, with their opposites: unionism, Marxism, etc..), => pressure groups always opposed in conflicts, unable to establish non conflictual relations, with a waste of the resources and energies in conflict. The amount of the wealth, resources and means taken in account is limited by theoric criteria of evaluation of the strongest. Extensional attitude: based upon the facts: – The real needs,

– The real means available to fill them: the sum of the resources of all countries at all levels, including those that are not considered as part of the economy A.

Allows to include all elements in the set, and build an economic framework that embraces them all.

The amount of the wealth, ressources and means taken in account is much higher than in the A economy.

No consideration of the will of the citizens: the economical orientations are decided in function of financial theories and the interests of lobbies, their human consequences remain hidden. Some aspects of this economy are occult, the rules are rigged. Integration of the citizens in decisions, and economical participation as actors in it and in accordance with the constitution. In decision making, favor an approach based on consideration of the consequences of these human level, and adjust the financial terms.
« Economics »: pseudo scientificity: no confrontation with the facts in front of unsatisfactory economic performance, no questioning of the directions taken. Does not rest on a given doctrine, nor political beliefs,but applies a real scientific approach: Apply in economy the step of the mathematicians of the XXth century (non-Euclidian geometry).
The economical maps are not similar to territories they are supposed to represent => the economical actual results do not fit with the expectated results => economical crisis.. There is no economical theory. The economical maps are drawn in function of the facts : the actual needs, the actual resources, and how to use those ressources to fulfill practicly the needs of the human set.
Planning of the shortage, created from scratch: the resources are presented as less important than the actual resources. No shortage : start from human needs and real resources at all levels.
Etc. Etc.

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